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子宮內膜異位症: 吃什麼可減輕痛症、增加成孕率?

salmon

經痛,性交疼痛和不孕是子宮內膜異位症的常見癥狀。除了服食止痛藥之外,透過進食「消炎餐單」(anti-inflammatory diet),可助患者減輕上述癥狀、增加成孕機率。

「消炎餐單」有什麼,沒有什麼?

一般來說,「消炎餐單」含有以下食物種類:

√    橄欖油、果仁、植物種子、油脂豐腴含豐富奧米加-3脂肪酸 (omega-3 cis-fatty acid)的魚類(如三文魚、鯖魚)

√   天然非加工食物

√   乳酪(或其他含豐富益生菌的食物)

χ    垃圾食物

χ    加工食物 (如香腸,午餐肉)

(注意:以上資料謹供參考,請向你的醫生查詢並製訂切合你個人需要的「消炎餐單」)

「消炎餐單」點解有用?

研究顯示,子宮內膜異位症所引起的痛症是由於患者製造過量「壞」的前列腺素 (prostaglandins),令身體出現炎症。前列腺素 (prostaglandins) 是一種存在於所有人體細胞的化學物質。

前列腺素有「好壞」之分,「好」前列腺素可增強人體免疫力、促進胃功能等。「壞」前列腺素 (名叫PGE2) 卻會引起炎症和痛症,影響受孕能力。魚油、橄欖油中的奧米加-3脂肪酸有抗炎作用,有助身體製造多些「好」前列腺素和減少「壞」前列腺素。

不過,要有效地吸收「消炎餐單」的養分,你必須先行修復受炎症破壞的腸道和消化系統。 這就是為什麼你要進食含益生菌的乳酪了,每星期吃3次就好了!

來試試「消炎餐單」的功效吧!

 

參考資料:

ASRM2011: Improving fertility through nutritional medicine (pre-conceptional care) ORLANDO, 19 October 2011 | By Lone Hummelshoj | Endometriosis.org

Painkillers | By Ros Wood and Ellen T Johnson | Endometriosis.org

Expression of AKR1B1, AKR1C3 and other genes of prostaglandin F2α biosynthesis and action in ovarian endometriosis tissue and in model cell lines. Chemico-Biological Interactions, Volume 234, 5 June 2015, Pages 320–331. Authors: Maša Sinreih, Maja Anko, Neli Hevir Kene, Vida Kocbek, Tea Lanišnik Rižner. Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Molecular and preclinical basis to inhibit PGE2 receptors EP2 and EP4 as a novel nonsteroidal therapy for endometriosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Aug 4;112(31):9716-21. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1507931112. Epub 2015 Jul 21. Authors: Arosh JA, Lee J, Balasubbramanian D, Stanley JA, Long CR, Meagher MW, Osteen KG, Bruner-Tran KL, Burghardt RC, Starzinski-Powitz A, Banu SK. Department of Integrative Biosciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843. Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station. Department of Psychology, College of Liberal Arts, Texas A&M University, College Station. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville. Biosciences, Molecular Cell Biology and Human Genetics, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main 60483, Germany.

 

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